Korean history and customes
South Korea's traditional family is usually a three to four generations living together in a large family, because I like the family who Dingwang Sheng was South Korea's customs. But with the 1960s and 1970s industrialization, the rapid development of urbanization and population control policies established large family's traditional culture gradually disappear. By 1980, the average number of children per family was reduced to 1 or 2 people. But patriarchal ideology still discernable, as long as the most important man, the son of weight. To get rid of this idea, the government legislation on women and men enjoy equal inheritance rights.
Today, almost all young Koreans under a system from a large family freed individually create their own family. Now South Korea's family patterns mainly couples centered family.
Korean surnames of Kim (21%), Li (14%), Park (8%), Cui, Zheng, Zhang, Han Lin for the most, and more from the name and surname of two-syllable names form. Korean women do not follow her husband's surname after marriage, but children must father surname.
Marriage to Korean is one of the important life rituals. Although statistics show that South Korea's recent surge in divorce, but the divorce of the parties and the parties' respective families, but still a very honorable thing. Korean wedding now different from the past in the same way: wearing a white wedding dress and the bride and groom at a wedding tuxedo hall or church ceremony organized by the West after the ceremony, and then transferred to a file named "Mitegura room" room, put Gorgeous traditional wedding dress for a traditional wedding ceremony. (Mitegura, understood as a traditional Korean refers to the wedding the bride and groom to salute the man's parents and elder relatives custom, the bride for the first time officially Meet the man relatives ceremony)
Worship (worship of ancestors)
In Korean traditional beliefs, there is a soul after death exist. Therefore, in addition to the ancestors of the anniversary of a death, but during the Spring Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival and other traditional festivals, future generations will be summoned to worship the ancestors through the soul. Korean believe that by virtue of this special ceremony and dead relatives can meet again, and to pray to get the blessing of deceased ancestors.
Warm kang (ondol)
Korea residential design is characterized by the most representative [Ondol] style ondol. Was originally set up using the kitchen or outdoor wood stove heat generated through the pit under the surface of the pipe and housing fervor entire room. [Ondol] type of warm, cool, healthy. Thus modern city condo area or building, the use of modern heating equipment still heat transfer [Ondol] style warm
Korea has historically been an agricultural country, since ancient times staple food is rice. Now Korean cuisine including a variety of vegetables and meat, seafood, etc., and kimchi (fermented spicy cabbage), hoisin sauce (pickled fish), miso (fermented soybean) and other fermented foods are also the most representative of Korea also has rich nutritional value of foods. Korean table culture characterized by the largest of all the dishes once on the Qi. According to tradition, according to the number of dishes from a low of three different grades dish to prepare for the emperor's 12-Disc month. The placing of the table, with food layout is also very different kind. Because Korean emphasis on form, table setting etiquette has also been a great development. In addition, with neighboring China and Japan compared tablespoons higher frequency of use in Korea, especially when appearing on the table when the soup.
Gimjang refers to the custom of Korean winter kimchi, after many years has been preserved. 3 to 4 due to the winter months, the most difficult to cultivate vegetables, pickles, pickled generally carried out in early winter.
Korean traditional costumes
Hanbok is evolved from the ancient to the modern Korean traditional costumes. Hanbok both curves and straight lines of the United States, especially women's hanbok jacket and skirt under the thin thick, dignified and Elegant. Today, most people are accustomed to wearing a dress suit, but in the Spring Festival Chuseok (Mid-Autumn Festival) such festivals or weddings, there are still many people like to wear the traditional national costumes. Women's hanbok is the jacket (jeogori) with elegant dress (chima); males are Duangua matching trousers, and a thin strip (daenim) tied wide trousers. Blouse, skirt color colorful, and some even add vibrant gorgeous beautiful thorn.
Korean traditional housing
Traditional Korean house from the Three Kingdoms period (57 BC - 668 years) to the Joseon Dynasty (1392 ~ 1910) there has been no major changes late. Only slightly improved in some respects, to accommodate the cold northern and southern warmth different climates. Traditional-style houses built of mud and wood, the main material. Soil heat of the indoor with outdoor separated. The black roof tiles are made from clay. Usually red. Moreover, the Korean housing frame without nails and rely on support from the stakes. Simple traditional house in a rectangular piece of flooring, a kitchen, one side is the bedroom so as to form a 'L' shaped, and later formed a 'U' shape or the middle of a square yard. Upper house consists of several separate buildings constituted one for women and children live, one for the men in the family and their guests, called "wing", there is a maid who is to give. All in one within the walls.